I. Multiple Choices.
1. It could_____ the poor from getting the medical care they need.
A. inhabit B. inhibit C. inherit D. exhibit
2. The law _____ employers to provide endowment insurance.
A. compel B. expel C. propel D. dispel
3. Women _____ 44% of hospital medical staff.
A. companion B. compile C. compulsory D. comprise
4. He had lived illegally in the United States for five years after his visitor's visa _____.
A. aspired B. expired C. inspired D. despaired
5. Parents are _____ by law to send their children to school.
A. obliged B. pleaded C. pledged D. plunged
6. If you are in any doubt, _____ a financial adviser.
A. insult B. council C. consult D. console
7. His performance _____ all expectations.
A. proceeded B. exceeded C. succeeded D. preceded
8. We will manage to_____ the task in time even though it is difficult.
A. abolish B. cherish C. distinguish D. accomplish
9. I know he is too optimistic but I don’t want to _____ him.
A. impress B. suppress C. depress D. compress
10. The test was to aptitude rather than academic achievement.
A. assess B. access C. possess D. obsess
II. Translate the sentences into Chinese.
11. Children may legally inherit their parents’ property.
12. Women feel compelled to do housework.
13. On some non-principled issues, couples should learn to compromise with each other.
14. Teachers should inspire students to work harder.
15. He contends for the succession to the presidency.
16. The company is pleading for special trade protection.
17. You should counsel department stores to revise their market strategy.
18. He succeeded his father as general manager.
19. The state abolished special educational requirements.
20. Rising oil prices depressed the car market.
III. Read the following two texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing
A, B, C, or D.
Everybody loves a fat pay rise. Yet pleasure at your own can vanish if you learn that a colleague has been given a bigger one. Indeed, if he has a reputation for slacking, you might even be outraged. Such behaviour is regarded as “all too human”, with the underlying assumption that other animals would not be capable of this finely developed sense of grievance. But a study by Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, which has just been published in Nature, suggests that it is all too monkey, as well.
The researchers studied the behaviour of female brown capuchin monkeys. They look cute. They are good-natured, cooperative creatures, and they share their food readily. Above all, like their female human counterparts, they tend to pay much closer attention to the value of “good and services” than males.
Such characteristics make them perfect candidates for Dr. Brosnan’s and Dr. de Waal’s study. The researchers spent two years teaching their monkeys to exchange tokens for food. Normally, the monkeys were happy enough to exchange pieces of rock for slices of cucumber. However, when two monkeys were placed in separate but adjoining chambers, so that each could observe what the other was getting in return for its rock, their behaviour became markedly different.
In the world of capuchins grapes are luxury goods (and much preferable to cucumbers). So when one monkey was handed a grape in exchange for her token, the second was reluctant to hand hers over for a mere piece of cucumber. And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber. Indeed, the mere presence of a grape in the other chamber (without an actual monkey to eat it) was enough to induce resentment in a female capuchin.
The researchers suggest that capuchin monkeys, like humans, are guided by social emotions. In the wild, they are a cooperative, group-living species. Such cooperation is likely to be stable only when each animal feels it is not being cheated. Feelings of righteous indignation, it seems, are not the preserve of people alone. Refusing a lesser reward completely makes these feelings abundantly clear to other members of the group. However, whether such a sense of fairness evolved independently in capuchins and humans, or whether it stems from the common ancestor that the species had 35 million years ago, is, as yet, an unanswered question.
21. In the opening paragraph, the author introduces his topic by_____.
[A] posing a contrast
[B] justifying an assumption
[C] making a comparison
[D]explaining a phenomenon.
22. The statement “it is all too monkey” (Paragraph 1) implies that_____.
[A] monkeys are also outraged by slack rivals
[B] resenting unfairness is also monkeys’ nature
[C] monkeys, like humans, tend to be jealous of each other
[D] no animals other than monkeys can develop such emotions
23. Female capuchin monkeys were chosen for the research most probably because they are_____.
[A]more inclined to weigh what they get
[B]attentive to researchers’ instructions
[C]nice in both appearance and temperament
[D]more generous than their male companions
24. Dr. Brosnan and Dr. de Waal have eventually found in their study that the monkeys_____.
[A]prefer grapes to cucumbers
[B]can be taught to exchange things
[C]will not be cooperative if feeling cheated
[D]are unhappy when separated from others
25. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
[A]Monkeys can be trained to develop social emotions.
[B]Human indignation evolved from an uncertain source.
[C]Animals usually show their feelings openly as human do.
[D]Cooperation among monkeys remains stable only in the wild.
Hunting for a job late last year, lawyer Gant Redmon stumbled across CareerBuilder, a job database on the Internet. He searched it with no success but was attracted by the site’s “personal search agent.” It’s an interactive feature that lets visitors key in job criteria such as location, title, and salary, then E-mails them when a matching position is posted in the database. Redmon chose the keywords legal, intellectual property, and Washington, D. C. Three weeks later, he got his first notification of an opening. “I struck gold,” says Redmon, who E-mailed his resume to the employer and won a position as in-house counsel for a company.
With thousands of career-related sites on the Internet, finding promising openings can be time-consuming and inefficient. Search agents reduce the need for repeated visits to the databases. But although a search agent worked for Redmon, career experts see drawbacks. Narrowing your criteria, for example, may work against you: “Every time you answer a question you eliminate a possibility,” says one expert.
For any job search, you should start with a narrow concept—what you think you want to do—then broaden it. “None of these programs do that,” says another expert. “There’s no career counseling implicit in all of this.” Instead, the best strategy is to use the agent as a kind of tip service to keep abreast of jobs in a particular database; when you get E-mail, consider it a reminder to check the database again. “I would not rely on agents for finding everything that is added to a database that might interest me,” says the author of a job-searching guide.
Some sites design their agents to tempt job hunters to return. When CareerSite’s agent sends out messages to those who have signed up for its service, for example, it includes only three potential jobs—those it considers the best matches. There may be more matches in the database; job hunters will have to visit the site again to find them—and they do. “On the day after we send our messages, we see a sharp increase in our traffic,” says Seth Peers, vice president of marketing for CareerSite.
Even those who aren’t hunting for jobs may find search agents worthwhile. Some use them to keep a close watch on the demand for their line of work or gather information on compensation to arm themselves when negotiating for a raise. Although happily employed, Redmon maintains his agent at CareerBuilder. “You always keep your eyes open,” he says. Working with a personal search agent means having another set of eyes looking out for you.
26. How did Redmon find his job?
[A] By searching openings in a job database.
[B] By posting a matching position in a database.
[C] By using a special service of a database.
[D] By E-mailing his resume to a database.
27. Which of the following can be a disadvantage of search agents?
[A] Lack of counseling.
[B] Limited number of visits.
[C] Lower efficiency.
[D] Fewer successful matches.
28. The expression “tip service” (Line 3, Paragraph 3) most probably means_____.
29. Why does CareerSite’s agent offer each job hunter only three job options?
[A] To focus on better job matches.
[B] To attract more returning visits.
[C] To reserve space for more messages.
[D] To increase the rate of success.
30. Which of the following is true according to the text?
[A] Personal search agents are indispensable to job-hunters.
[B] Some sites keep E-mailing job seekers to trace their demands.
[C] Personal search agents are also helpful to those already employed.
[D] Some agents stop sending information to people once they are employed.
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