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2019年12月大学英语统考试题四(大学英语B试卷)

来源:杭州育路网 时间:2019-12-05

   1. – Can you turn down the radio, please?

  A. Oh, I know      B. I’m sorry, I didn ’t realize it was that loud       C. I ’ll keep it down next time     D. Please forgive me

  2. – These are certainly beautiful flowers. Thank you so much.

  A. No, no. It s nothing ’    B. You are welcome      C.Yes, I agree           D. Yes, I think so, too

  3. – Hi, Sam, I think you did a good job.

  A. Thank you       B. Don ’t mention it       C. Not at all        D. I did it quite badly

  4. – Good morning, sir. May I help you?

  A. No, I don ’t buy anything       B. No, I don ’t need your help      C. Yes, I need some sugar         D. Oh, no. That’s OK

  5. – Could you help me with my homework , please?

  A. No, no way  B. No, I couldn ’t    C. No, I can ’t    D. Sorry I can ’t. I have to go to a meeting right now

  6. – Why don ’t you travel to New York on vacation?

  A. I don ’t want to go        B. Excuse me, because I can’t

  C. I want to, but I haven ’t got enough money          D. Because I ’m going to school today

  7. –Would you like to go fishing with us now?

  A. No, I don ’t like    B. It sounds interesting but I have lots of homework to do  C. I won ’t tell you D. Oh, it is well

  8. – Could I speak to John Harris, please? 

  A. Oh, how are you?          B. I ’m John       C. I ’m listening         D. Speaking

  9. – Congratulations! You won the first prize in today ’s speech contest.

  A. Yes, I beat the others B. No, no, I didn ’t do it well

  C. Thank you D. It’s a pleasure

  10. – Can I have a look at your passport?

  A. It is here B. Here it is C. Here you are D. No, you can ’t

  Part I I 阅读理解

  Passage 1

  Some of the notebooks George Washington kept as a young man are still in existence. They show that he was learning Latin, was very interested in the basics of good behavior in society, and was reading English literature.

  At school he seems only to have been interested in mathematics. In fact, his formal education was surprisingly brief for a gentleman, and incomplete. For unlike other young Virginians of that day, he did not go to the College of William and Mary in the Virginian capital of Williamsburg. In terms of formal training then, Washington contrasts sharply with some other early American Presidents such as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. In later years, Washington probably regretted his lack of intellectual training. He never felt comfortable in a debate in

  Congress, or on any subject that had not to do with everyday, practical matters. And because he never learned French and could not speak directly to the French leaders, he did not visit the country he admired so much. Thus, unlike Jefferson and Adams, he never reached Europe.

  11. Why didn ’t Washington go to college?

  A. His family could not afford it .

  B. A college education was rather uncommon in his time.

  C. He didn ’t like the young Virginian gentlemen.

  D. The author doesn’t give any reason.

  12. Washington felt uncomfortable in Congress debates because he .

  A. lacked practice in public speaking

  B. felt his education was not good enough

  C. didn ’t like arguing and debating with people

  D. felt that debating was like intellectual training

  13. The reason why Washington didn ’t visit France was probably that he .

  A. didn ’t really care about going

  B. didn't know French leaders

  C. couldn ’t communicate directly with the French leaders

  D. was too busy to travel

  14. According to the author .

  A. Washington ’s lack of formal education placed him at a disadvantage in later life

  B. Washington should have gone to France even though he could not speak French

  C. Washington was not as good a president as Adams, Jefferson or Madison

  D. Washington was a model for all Virginian gentlemen

  15. The main idea of the passage is that Washington’s education .

  A. was of great variety, covering many subjects

  B. was probably equal to those of most young gentlemen of his time

  C. may seem poor by modern standards, but was good enough for his time

  D. was rather limited for a president

  Passage 2

  Like most people, I was brought up to look upon life as a process of getting. It was not until in my late thirties that I made this important discovery: giving-away makes life so much more exciting. You need not worry if you lack money. This is how I experimented with giving-away. If an idea for improving the window display of a neighborhood store flashes to me, I step in and make the suggestion to the storekeeper. One discovery I made about giving-away is that it is almost impossible to give away anything in this world without getting something back, though the return often comes in an unexpected form. One Sunday morning the local post office delivered an important special delivery letter to my home, though it was addressed to me at my office. I wrote the postmaster a note of appreciation. More than a year later I needed a post-office box for a new business I was starting. I was told at the window that there were no boxes left, and that my name would have to go on a long waiting list. As I was about to leave, the postmaster appeared in the doorway. He had overheard our conversation. “Wasn’t it you that wrote us that letter a year ago about delivering a special delivery to your home? ” I said yes. “Well, you certainly are going to have a box in this post office if we have to make one for you. You don ’t know what a letter like that means to us. We usually get nothing but complaints. ”

  16. From the passage, we understand that .

  A. the author did not understand the importance of giving until he was in late thirties

  B. the author was like most people who were mostly receivers rather than givers

  C. the author received the same education as most people during his childhood

  D. the author liked most people as they look upon life as a process of getting

  17. According to the author .

  A. giving means you will lack money

  B. the excitement of giving can bring you money

  C. you don ’t have to be rich in order to give

  D. when you give away money, you will be rich

  18. The author would make the suggestion to the storekeeper .

  A. in writing B. in person

  C. in the window display D. about the neighborhood

  19. When the author needed a post-office box, .

  A. he had to put his name on a waiting list

  B. he wrote the postmaster a note of appreciation

  C. many people had applied for post-office boxes before him

  D. he asked the postmaster to make one for him

  20. In reply to the postmaster ’s question, the author said .

  A. it was the special delivery B. it was the post-away box

  C. it was the note of appreciation he wrote D. it was he who wrote him a letter a year ago

  Passage 3

  Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other than that of their families. Television is the most significant of these influences, because the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school. Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children. The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them. Studies indicate that, when children are exposed to violence, they may become aggressive or insecure.

  Parents are also concerned about the commercials that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children. And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers.

  Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of. The most famous of these is Sesame Street, which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet and numbers. It also tries to teach children useful things about the world in which they live. Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality, some critics argue that all television, whether educational or not, is harmful to children. These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of

  it. 21. Which of the following statements is NOT based on the passage?

  A. Parents are worried about the influence from television on their children.

  B. Television has much influence on children.

  C. Both parents and their children like watching educational television.

  D. Some critics think that television is no good for children.

  22. In what ways do children suffer from television?

  A. They become the victims of social violence.

  B. They spend hours watching television instead of doing school work.

  C. The programs make the children lose interest in the world.

  D. The programs make the children spend too much of their parents ’ money.

  23. Parents would not like their children to see commercials because .

  A. they think that their children are not old enough to handle advertising

  B. commercials teach children alphabet and numbers

  C. commercials help to sell products

  D. they don ’t like commercial

  24. Educational television is widely appreciated because .

  A. it does have the same commercials as others

  B. it offers programs for both children and their parents

  C. many parents like the programs it offers for their children

  D. children can learn some school subjects before they go to school

  25. Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?

  A. Watching Too Much Television May Be Harmful to Young Minds

  B. Television Is More Harmful than Educational

  C. Television ’s Influence on Children

  D. More Education Television

  Part I I I 语法与词汇选择题

  26. That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but the police.

  A. called in B. calling in C. call in D. to call in

  27. Although Jack made a foolish mistake, we at him.

  A. ought to have laughed B. oughtn ’t to have laughed

  C. ought to laugh D. should not to laugh

  28. In no circumstance .

  A. smoking should be allowed on the campus

  B. should smoking be allowed on the campus

  C. should smoking allowed on the campus

  D. should smoking allow on the campus

  29. We desire that the tour leader us immediately of any changes in plans.

  A. inform B. informs C. informed D. has informed

  30. These two areas are similar they both have a high rainfall during this season.

  A. to that B. besides that C. in that D. except that

  31. my love of landscape, nothing could persuade me to spend another day in the Highlands.

  A. But for B. For all C. Above D. Except for

  32. Scientists say it may be five or ten years it is possible to test this medicine.

  A. since B. before C. after D. when

  33. is no reason for dismissing him.

  A. Because he was a few minutes late B. Owing to few minutes being late

  C. The fact that he was a few minutes late D. Being a few minutes late

  34. Dieters should try to reach and a reasonable weight.

  A. contain B. secure C. reserve D. maintain

  35. They claim that 1,000 factories closed down during economic crisis.

  A. sufficiently B. approximately C. considerably D. properly

  36. I an interesting news item in yesterday ’s Times.

  A. came across B. came up C. came to D. came over

  37. I was stunned by the news, and my initial was anger.

  A. impression B. reaction C. comment D. other

  38. We are interested in the weather because it us so directly--what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel.

  A. benefits B. affects C. guides D. effects

  39. That probably explains why public opinion is broadly euthanasia (安乐死 ), or at least certain forms of it.

  A. in relation to B. in contrast to C. in excess of D. in favor of

  40. She was a very affectionate person.

  A. at heart B. in person C. on purpose D. by nature

  Part IV. 完形填空

  Another useful method for improving your reading is the ability to reflect on what is being presented. Readers 41 the material that they have read not simply to understand it, 42 to interpret, analyze, and critique this information. Readers use several different methods to help them reflect such as careful note-taking, synthesis, and analysis.

  Careful note-taking on your reading material 43 while you read. Pausing periodically to 44 about important claims or ideas, 45 details, or questions about unclear concepts is a valuable practice. The act of note-taking will help you to reflect about the content of the document, and the notes you keep will 46 an archive that you can refer to in the future. Synthesis in the ability to take what are 47 seeming irrelevant points and put them together into a meaningful, new whole. Synthesis may occur during your reading, or it may take place after you have read a document in its entirety.

  Analysis moves synthesis one step 48 , encouraging a reader to carefully examine thoroughly the points 49 , and how they are synthesized. After readers analyze a passage or a whole text, they 50 regarding the document, either generally agreeing or disagreeing with its message.

  41. A. study B. reflect on C. consider D. think

  42. A. and B. but also C. moreover D. yet

  43. A. must take place B. may start C. have to begin D. should occur

  44. A. make note B. write note C. take notes D. keep note

  45. A. relevant B. connected C. associated D. linked

  46. A. act as B. serve as C. consider as D. regard as

  47. A. firstly B. to begin with C. first hand D. at first

  48. A. in advance B. farther C. further D. forwardly

  49. A. to be made B. being made C. having made D. to make

  50. A. take a position B. insist on C. consider D. hold the view

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